Civil Unrest – Resources

There is no continent in the world safe from civil unrest and violence. One can debate the causes of societal discontent and the belief that the only way to address the underlying issues is through civil unrest and violence. What is not debatable is that both exist and historically have had periods of exacerbation. Most increases in civil unrest are related to racial and socioeconomic inequality and discontent with government policy. Mass shooting and active shooters, however, are more closely related to religious and political extremism and mental illness. The world appears to be in a period of discontent that has resulted in both an increase in civil unrest and an increase in mass shootings.


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Crouch, E. (2013, November 26). Ferguson-Florissant superintendent says he was given no grounds for suspension. St. Louis Post-Dispatch. Retrieved from http://www.stltoday. com/news/local/education/ferguson-florissant-superintendent-says-he-was-given-no-grounds-for/article_d1217bd8-b3bb-5a65-852e-f8cd4e255050.html

Edmonson, C., Sumagaysay, D., Cueman, M., & Chappell, S. (2016). The nurse leader role in crisis management. Journal of Nurse Administration, 46(9), 417-419. doi: 10.1097/ NNA.0000000000000367.

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Hick, J. L., Hanfling, D., Evans, B., Greenberg, S., Alson, R., McKinney, S., & Minson, M. (2016). Health and medical response to active shooter and bombing events. National Academy of Medicine. Retrieved from Health-and-Medical-Response-to-Active-Shooter-and-Bombing-Events.pdf

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Kotora, J. G., Clancy, T., Manzon, L., Malik, V., Louden, R. J., & Merlin, M. A. (2014). Active shooter in the emergency department: A scenario-based training approach for healthcare workers. American Journal of Disaster Medicine, 9(1), 39–51. doi:10.5055/ajdm.2014.0140.

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Pinker, S. (2011). The better angels of our nature: Why violence has declined. New York, NY: Viking.

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Wikipedia Contributors. (2017). List of incidents of civil unrest in the United States. Retrieved from in_the_ United_States